How to install ipkg on Synology NAS (DS212+)

Written by Ingmar Verheij on April 22nd, 2012. Posted in Synology

Synology DS212+

If you want to install additional packages on your Synology NAS you first need to install ipkg. In this post I’ll explain the steps you need to take to install this package on your Synology NAS.

If you don’t have terminal access, please enable that first (link).

First thing you need to do is determine what kind of CPU your Synology NAS has. The easiest way is looking it up in on the Synology Wiki page (What kind of CPU does my NAS have). In case of my DS212+ it’s a Marvell Kirkwood mv6282.

Now you know what CPU your Synology NAS has you can find the appropriate bootstrap.

CPU Bootstrap Package feed
Intel XScale FW IXP420 BB ARM ds101-bootstrap_1.0-4_armeb.xsh link
Intel Atom CPU’s: D410, D425, D510, D525 and D2700 syno-i686-bootstrap_1.2-7_i686.xsh link
8241 PPC ds101-bootstrap_1.0-4_powerpc.xsh link
8533 PPC  / 8543 PPC syno-e500-bootstrap_1.2-7_powerpc.xsh link
mv5281 ARM syno-x07-bootstrap_1.2-7_arm.xsh link
Marvel Kirkwood mv6281 ARM syno-mvkw-bootstrap_1.2-7_arm.xsh link
Marvel Kirkwood mv6282 ARM syno-mvkw-bootstrap_1.2-7_arm-ds111.xsh link

 

Now you can install ipkg in 8 (or 9 steps):

  1. Login to your NAS with username root (same password as admin)
  2. Change the directory to /root : cd /root
  3. Download the bootstrap you found in the above : wget <bootstrap url>
  4. Mark the .xsh script executable : chmod + <name of the bootstap>
  5. Run the .xsh script (this is where you will install the ipkg package): sh <name of the bootstrap>
  6. Remove the .xsh script : rm <name of the bootstrap>
  7. ONLY FOR DSM 4.0 Comment the lines following lines in the file /root/.profile
    • PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/syno/sbin:/usr/syno/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin
    • export PATH
  8. Reboot the NAS : reboot
  9. Update the ipkg list of available packages : ipkg update

 

Step 3) Download the bootstrapStep 4) Mark the .xsh script executable

Step 5) Run the .xsh scriptStep 6) Remove the .xsh script

Step 7) Comment lines in the .profile fileStep 9) Update the list of available packages


More information about install ipkg can be found here.

 

How to use ipkg

You can install a package using the command : ipkg install <packagename>

Upgrading already installed packages can be done with the command : ipkg upgrade

 

You can list all available packages with : ipkg list. This might produce a long list (and take a long while). If you want to narrow down the list you can search in the results: ipkg list | grep <your filter>

 

(Alternative) Package Center

As an alternative you can use Package Center to install ipkg. More information can be found at quadrat4.de.

 

 

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Ingmar Verheij

At the time Ingmar wrote this article he worked for PepperByte as a Senior Consultant (up to May 2014). His work consisted of designing, migrating and troubleshooting Microsoft and Citrix infrastructures. He was working with technologies like Microsoft RDS, user environment management and (performance) monitoring. Ingmar is User Group leader of the Dutch Citrix User Group (DuCUG). RES Software named Ingmar RES Software Valued Professional in 2014.

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Comments (15)

  • Khai
    31 July 2012 at 04:14 |

    just to ask in step 7 can u explain how to add the comment lines??
    Im a noob here i have never used telnet or ssh before

    • Ingmar Verheij
      1 August 2012 at 19:37 |

      Hi Khai,

      You can comment the lines with the pound (#) sign. There’s an example in screenshot 5.

      Ingmar

  • Fluide
    29 August 2012 at 20:47 |

    For those wondering how to comment the two lines, this must be done in vi. (all is explained here : http://forum.synology.com/wiki/index.php/Overview_on_modifying_the_Synology_Server,_bootstrap,_ipkg_etc#Installing_compiled.2Fbinary_programs_using_ipkg)

    So you must type

    vi /root/.profile
    i

    Then use the down cursor key to move the cursor to the start of the line “PATH=/sbin…” and put a “#” infront of this line so it is now “#PATH=/sbin…”. Do the same for the line below so it is now “#export PATH”. Now press the escape key (to exit edit mode) and type “ZZ” (note they are capitals) to tell vi to save the file and exit.

  • Xero
    17 October 2013 at 18:08 |

    Why is it necessary to comment out the two lines in /root/.profile for DSM 4.0 and not for DSM 4.1 and above?

    • Ingmar Verheij
      17 October 2013 at 20:11 |

      I haven’t tested this yet, but I think it applies to DSM 4.x instead of 4.0. Have you tried it yet?

      • Xero
        18 October 2013 at 17:20 |

        Just installed the bootstrap on DSM 4.2, commented out the lines in .profile and rebooted. Everything working fine.

  • Nikoals
    4 December 2013 at 01:08 |

    For those that need Marvel Kirkwood mv6282 ARM , link is offline you can use :

    http://amazon.tryfonos.net/syno-mvkw-bootstrap_1.2-7_arm-ds111.xsh

    • Ingmar Verheij+
      7 December 2013 at 11:05 |

      Thank you for the link, i’ve updated it in the table.

  • Tom Peterson
    21 January 2014 at 22:15 |

    My CPU on my DS412+ is an Intel Atom D2700 Dualcore (2C/4T) 2.13GHz x86 Processor (64-bit from what I’ve read).

    I noticed that the bootstrap listed in your table above is for i686. Is that still the appropriate bootstrap for my CPU?

    Thanks,

    Tom

    • Ingmar Verheij+
      22 January 2014 at 09:05 |

      Hi Tom,

      The processor in your DS412+ indeed is indeed a 64-bit processor (see http://ark.intel.com/products/59683/intel-atom-processor-d2700-1m-cache-2_13-ghz). Nonetheless the bootstrap is correct.

      Let me know if you experience any issues.

      Ingmar

      • Tom Peterson
        22 January 2014 at 17:52 |

        Works great! Thank you very much.

        On another note, do you have any ideas on how to give a user (the big boss)RDP access from his home machine to his office PC through the Diskstation? I know I can setup a VPN to give LAN access but we don’t have a windows server for Terminal Services, and he doesn’t want to pay for LogMeIn.

  • 14 April 2014 at 21:02 |

    Any hints for a bootstrap file for my 213+ with a Freescale QorIQ P1022 CPU?

  • Sebastiaan Kop
    6 May 2014 at 14:43 |

    Hi there,

    After installing ipkg from cli it works well.

    When I do a system update it is broken.

    How can I do a system update without braking bootstrap?

    Thanks,

    Sebastiaan.

  • Jay
    21 January 2018 at 19:14 |

    Thank you for this; this worked great!

  • Phil
    22 May 2018 at 20:56 |

    My CPU is this one Marvell Armada 370 88F6707 Which package is the right one? Thanks alot!

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